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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOGA AND AYURVEDA

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOGA AND AYURVEDA

25 Dec

“The basis of Yoga is Ayurveda, and the fruit of Ayurveda is Yoga.”

According to the legends, the knowledge of the two systems was given by the Gods to the ancient Indian sages, and then passed on to the people. Both traditions are unique due to their harmony and honesty, greatness and beauty of the ideas that have no analogue in any other culture. The goal of Yoga, as well of Ayurveda is to help the man and to take care of his wellbeing. We can call Ayurveda “yogic medicine”, because it follows a yogic approach to healing. The yoga system, as a science of self-realization, is the ultimate goal of Ayurveda as a science of life.

In Ancient India these two aspects of the Vedic science don‘t exist separately. Yoga was taught only after the student has understood the essence of Ayurveda. Because only after the development of the physical component can be achieved health, and when the person is healthy, he can achieve emotional perfection and spirituality.

Ayurveda provides the basis for the health and wellbeing of the body and mind by recommending the right diet, herbs, exercises, massages and lifestyle. Yoga, on its part, teaches us how to develop higher consciousness through various methods, asanas, pranayama and meditation. Man is not only a physical body or a set of biochemical processes. He is a complex of physical part, soul and mind, in which Ego is embodied. That is why our real potential is not only physical, but psychological, emotional, spiritual. We need realization at all these levels. While the physical body is the foundation, the spirituality – the ultimate goal, the mind is the main tool for development. We need a healthy system that affects the human nature in a complex way.

Yoga and Ayurveda are connected not only by a common cultural and historical background, but together they form the overall understanding of health and achievement of self – awareness of human being. Ayurveda, by identifying the constitution (prakriti) of an individual, allows the choice of the right yoga practices for him: asanas, meditation, cleansing techniques, as well harmonization of the yoga practice according to personal biorhythms and to the circadian and seasonal cycles.

The Yoga practice shows us the way to cleanse the spirit and spiritual self-realization. Briefly said, one system can’t function without the other one, because they are the two sides of the same coin. Each one of these two healing Indian disciplines has its own unique place and function, but each one of them overlaps with the other at different levels.

There is more to yoga and Ayurveda than just asana and medicinal plants ! Both of them encompass all of human life and the entire universe. Both Yoga and Ayurveda are historically closely related and have developed in tandem with each other since ancient times. They have diverged in modern times, over the last hundred and fifty years, particularly outside of India, in which Yoga without Ayurveda was for a long time the norm. However, Yoga and Ayurveda are becoming reconnected again, not only in India but across the globe. Therefore, it would not be wrong to say that the reintegration of the circle of consciousness, life, healing and transformation! Therefore, it is important to understand the respective roles of Ayurveda and Yoga in the Vedic system.

HISTORY OF YOGA:

The genesis of yoga dates back to the age of Mantra Yoga of the Rigveda; the ancient Vedic text that came into existence five thousand years ago. The mantras mentioned in them of the Rishis promote a Yoga or union with the higher powers of consciousness in the universe, providing the basis for self-knowledge and cosmic knowledge that were later mentioned in the Vedanta and the Vedic sciences as well.

Vedic mantras, along with corresponding rituals and meditations, were commonly utilized both for spiritual development and for the achievement of the outer objectives of life by invoking the Devatas or the Divine powers behind nature and the soul. These vast energies are characterized mainly as four important elements in the Vedas; namely Agni (fire), Vayu or Indra (air and electrical vitality), Surya (sun) and Soma (moon). Their light forms are symbolic of yet more profound inward powers of Agni as speech, Vayu/Indra as Prana, Surya as Atman (soul), and Soma as the brain. A variety of such formulations exists in Vedic texts.

THE STORY OF AYURVEDA:
Ayurveda emerged in the Vedic context as the upaveda or supplementary Vedic text that focused on the well-being and overall healing of both body and mind. Ayurveda initially emerged as an application of Vedic mantras and not as a different train. Every Vedic text available has a potential ayurvedic or recuperating application, particularly Vedic customs and mantras. Numerous Vedic practices are said to allow ‘sarvayur’, which means life span as well as the totality of life, as one of their essential objectives. Recuperating and life span are thought to be common consequences of Vedic practices, with some Vedic hones particularly identified with these. Also learn about the various importance of yoga.

Ayurveda is normally thought to be a branch of the Atharva Veda, which carries the most mantras pointed particularly at recuperating. In any case, parts of Ayurveda can be found in all the Vedas and are inborn in the Vedic gods (Devatas) and in the Vedic cosmology.

‘Vedic Yoga, for example, we find in the Svetsvatara Upanishad, underlines how the Vedic Devatas or inestimable energies like Agni, Vayu and Soma work in the mind as powers of interior reconciliation and self-acknowledgment.

The term Yoga itself means to connect, combine, balance, or integrate. A genuine yogic approach is characteristically an integrative approach, orchestrating body, prana, senses, mind, and consciousness. It can’t be minimized to the body alone. A yogic way to healing isn’t a specialization or a side-line procedure but involves a combination of all levels and aspects of healing. That is the reason classical Yoga has an eightfold approach from lifestyle practices and values through asana, pranayama, to Samadhi. If we lessen Yoga to asana, we are not practicing Yoga or an integrative approach but rather falling into a similar trap of principally concentrating on the external material reality and forgetting about the inner reality of prana, mind, and consciousness.

A real Yoga treatment must consider all eight limbs of Yoga. It can’t simply seclude the physical aspects of Yoga like asana. The initial two of the eight limbs of Yoga, the yamas and niyamas, the yogic standards and practices of right living, provide the foundation important to support any spiritual or healing practice. They likewise give a perfect implicit rule for doctors, therapists, and Yoga educators.

We can call asana the ‘outer pharmaceutical’ of Yoga. It essentially treats musculo-skeletal disorders, yet it benefits numerous other conditions and gives an ideal form of exercise to everyone. However, without the correct eating routine, its recuperating possibilities are constrained, as bodily action will reflect the nutrition the body receives. Asana works best with regards to Ayurvedic dietary and lifestyle recommendations

Pranayama can be known as the ‘inward medication’ of Yoga. It brings prana or essential vitality straightforwardly into the body and can be utilized to coordinate prana in different ways as required. Pranayama straightforwardly impacts the doshas or organic humors of Ayurveda (vata, pitta, and kapha), which are modifications of prana. Pranayama basically treats states of the respiratory, circulatory, and nervous systems however through these it has a powerful impact on all physical and mental conditions. Pranayama is an extraordinary guide for the utilization of herbs and functions much like them to redress the development of energy inside our physiological and psychological frameworks.

As all types of healing include changing the development of prana and expanding the recuperating energy of prana, pranayama is an essential and direct type of healing for body and mind, while asana is indirect and secondary. This implies that a real Yoga treatment notwithstanding for the physical body must underline pranayama over asana and utilize asana with regards to pranayama.

Pratyahara is the disguise of energy vital for profound healing or for genuine meditation to happen. Not achieving the phase of pratyahara means we are still not practicing Yoga as a sadhana or spiritual practice. In pratyahara, one pulls back the prana and mind within. For genuine recuperating, the body and mind must be placed in a casual relaxed state and the vitality coordinated inside. Many types of treatment like massage or panchakarma are to a great extent stimulated types of pratyahara, putting the patient into a state of profound rest in which all toxins can be expelled from the body.

Similarities:

  • Both Yoga and Ayurveda practices recognize that maintaining a healthy body is vital for the implementation of the four main goals in each person’s life: Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.
  • Both sciences believe that the balance of the three Doshas is of great importance in order to maintain good health.
  • In the yogic, as well in the Ayurvedic systems, a balanced eating regime has to be followed, and the use of Ayurvedic herbs, doing meditation, pranayama, asanas, mantras and practices that heal the body, mind and spirit are encouraged.
  • According to Yoga and Ayurveda, good health is the basis of the psychological, emotional and spiritual wellbeing.
  • Both practices use methods to cleanse the body that stimulate the natural detoxification of the organism, following natural routes of expulsion. In Ayurveda Panchakarma procedure (5 cleansing actions) is applied, in Yoga the procedure is called Shat Karma (six actions).
  • Both systems have almost the same anatomy and physiology, which consists of 72 000 fine channels (Nadi), seven main energy centers (chakras), five body shells and Kundalini Shakti (energy).
  • Both practices have 8 branches: Ashtanga Yoga and Ashtanga Ayurveda and they adopted the theory of Panchamahabhuta – the five basic elements (Air, Earth, Ether, Water, and Fire).

Conclusion:
It is vital to reintegrate Yoga and Ayurveda in order to get the complete healing and spiritual prospective of each. Bringing Ayurveda into Yoga gives a yogic and Vedic arrangement of medication to take into account the full healing application of all facets of Yoga. It gives an analysis and treatment in concordance with Yoga philosophy, and in addition an eating routine and herbal treatment that follows the spiritual approach of Yoga. Bringing Yoga into Ayurveda includes a spiritual and mental aspect to Ayurvedic treatment, without which Ayurveda has a tendency to get decreased to a physical model in which its full Vedic healing powers can’t be effectively figured out.

Ayurveda imparts suitable life-style recommendations for Yoga Practice and provides a complete background to uncover the complete healing potential of all facets of Yoga. Yoga provides the spiritual and psychological basis for Ayurveda and its higher applications.

Both Ayurveda and Yoga are required for a truly encompassing and profound way to deal with medication and recuperating, but with Ayurveda giving the medical foundation and Yoga, the spiritual objective and practices. This is the first and original Vedic plan. The way to a complete Yoga treatment and Yoga system of medicine lies in re-establishing Yoga’s connection with Ayurveda. This reconnection of Yoga and Ayurveda will also provide the premise to a real exchange with modern medicine not only addressing specific therapies but also the real causes of disease and how to keep up wellbeing and prosperity in society. Joining Yoga and Ayurveda in their full applications and in the more prominent setting of Vedic science offers a total arrangement of prosperity for body, mind, and consciousness.

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